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Cockroach Pest Control

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South African Cockroaches

This list is non-exhaustive

Cockroaches have been present on the earth for more than 400 million years. A Cockroach could be considered as one of the worst household pests because they contaminate food with their excrement, produce allergens and secrete an unpleasant odour. Many people develop allergies to cockroaches. Allergens present in roach faeces can become airborne along with normal house dust. The allergens can then be inhaled from the air or ingested when in contact with food.

Cockroaches prefer moist, warm, dark places typical of many homes. Cockroaches will eat almost anything they find, including pet food, crumbs, spoiled food, paints, wallpaper pastes, and book bindings. They can carry germs from the sink or bathroom onto dishes and other food surfaces, thus spreading bacteria that cause food poisoning.

Identification & Elimination

The first step in eliminating cockroaches is to determine whether you have a problem with German Cockroaches or the larger American Cockroaches.

German cockroaches are what many people would identify as “kitchen cockroaches” (because that is where most infestations begin.) They prefer a warm, moist environment (your kitchen and bathrooms) and love to hitch a ride from your grocery store, flea markets, day care center, even your friend’s home!

American Cockroaches or what some people refer to as “flying cockroaches” prefer a cool damp area (sewers, septic tanks, cellars and basements, compost heaps, etc. ) and usually wander in from outdoors.

Once you identify your problem, we’ll show you the solution!

German Cockroach Dorsal View
German Cockroach Dorsal View
German Cockroach Underside
Blattella Germanica, Santiago De Compostela, Galicia (Spain)
Female German Cockroach With Ootheca
German Cockroach Dorsal ViewGerman Cockroach UndersideBlattella Germanica, Santiago De Compostela, Galicia (Spain)Female German Cockroach With Ootheca

Identification & Physical Description

German cockroaches are light brown to tan with two dark stripes located on their backs. They are oval shaped with six legs and antennae. 10 – 16 mm in length. German cockroach have wings but barely flies.

Life Cycle

Depending on the conditions, the average time it takes for the German cockroach to develop from egg to adult can range from 54 to 215 days. The average is 100 days.

Food & Water

German Cockroaches eat almost anything. They are lovers of starches, sweets, meats, breads, gravies, and almost any other human or pet food. They will also eat glue and book bindings.

Social Behaviour

The German Cockroach is the most sociable of the pest species and is often found in large groups, especially near warm areas like water heaters. Although nocturnal, the German cockroach is occasionally seen during day. When excited or frightened, the species releases an unpleasant odour.

Nesting

They nest in moist, dark areas including: under kitchen appliances, sinks, in cabinets, behind baseboards or moldings, in wall voids and pantries.

Health Risks

German cockroaches do not bite or sting but they do feed and live in areas that harbour dangerous bacteria.

Interesting Facts

Firefighters in Pana, Illinois found a cockroach infestation so massive that the city council agreed that the best option was to burn the house down.

Oriental Cockroach Blatta Orientalis
Oriental Cockroach Blatta Orientalis
Oriental Cockroach Blatta Orientalis
Oriental Cockroach Blatta OrientalisOriental Cockroach Blatta Orientalis

Identification & Physical Description

Oriental Cockroaches have a shiny black to a dark reddish-brown color. As adults, the male and female cockroaches Grow to only 25 mm in length, they have large wing pads that shelter the first few segments of their bodies. While differing in appearance, neither males nor females can fly.

Life Cycle

The incubation period for the oriental cockroach is about 42 to 81 days. An adult oriental can live from 34 to 180 days, and pairing takes place at any season.

Food & Water

The oriental cockroach feeds on all kinds of food, especially decaying organic matter, starchy foods and garbage.

Social Behaviour

The Oriental Cockroach is most common in May, June, and July. The adult is active during the spring, and the nymph from March- During this period the nymph casts its skin from seven to ten times. This species is found in groups, like the other species of cockroaches, but is more sluggish.

Nesting

Oriental cockroaches nest in damp, dark areas. Outdoors, these roaches can be found living underneath piles of leaves and grass as well as under mulch and soil found around foundations and stone walls.

Health Risks

The feces and saliva of the Oriental cockroach contain problematic proteins and allergens, which may trigger asthma attacks.

American Cockroach (Periplaneta Americana) Dorsal View
American Cockroach (Periplaneta Americana) Dorsal View
Periplaneta Americana Underside
American Cockroach (Periplaneta Americana) Dorsal ViewPeriplaneta Americana Underside

Identification & Physical Description

American cockroaches are reddish brown with yellowish pattern on the back of their head. They are 30 – 50 mm in length.

Life Cycle

Adult cockroaches can live up to two years, during the period, females produce an average of 150 young. The American cockroach reproductive cycle can last up to 600 days.

Food & Water

American cockroaches are omnivores that consume a wide variety of foods, including milk, plant shoots and fermenting fruits. American cockroaches will also eat sweets and starchy items.

Social Behaviour

American Cockroaches seem to prefer decaying organic material, but will eat most human or animal foods as well as paper and clothing. They have also been observed to feed upon dead or wounded cockroaches of their own or other species.

Nesting

They prefer warm, damp areas like flowerbeds, and under mulch.They are very common in sewer systems.

Health Risks

The American cockroach can transmit diseases that can potentially affect the human digestive system, such as diarrhea and dysentery.

Interesting Facts

In China there is a farmer who uses 300 million American cockroaches to get rid of 15 tonnes of food waste per day.

Supella Longipalpa B
Supella Longipalpa B
Supella Longipalpa
Supella Longipalpa BSupella Longipalpa

Identification & Physical Description

The Brown Banded Cockroach is 0.5cm in length. Males are dark-brown at base and golden-tan toward wing tips; females have reddish-brown wings and dark-brown bodies.

Life Cycle

An adult brown-banded cockroach can live anywhere from 130 to 315 days, with an average lifespan of 206 days.

Food & Water

Brown Banded Cockroaches eat almost anything organic, including bodily fluids and decaying matter. You may find them nibbling on stamps, envelopes, books and wallpaper.

Social Behaviour

Brown-banded cockroaches are not as likely to cluster together but when populations are large, females tend to deposit their egg cases in bunches.

Nesting

Brown-banded cockroaches prefer dry and warm locations and can be found inside cabinets, pantries and closets. They can also hide from humans in a variety of places such as clocks and picture frames. They tend to avoid water sources and are more commonly found near the ceilings of infested homes.

Health Risks

The Brown banded Cockroach has been reported to cause allergies which may result in asthma and other long-term health issues.

Dorsal View Of Dusky Cockroach
Dorsal View Of Dusky Cockroach
Dorsal View Of Dusky Cockroach

Identification & Physical Description

The wings are especially long in the males which can be up 11 mm long, and shorter winged females up to 10 mm long.

Life Cycle

The Dusky cockroach’s egg cases are produced and carried by the female for one or two days the nymphs hatch in the spring. The nymphs hibernate during the late stages of development to become adults.

Food & Water

The Dusky cockroach eats vegetation and it is known to prey on other insects.

Social Behaviour

Adult and nymph males are mostly found on low-lying vegetation. Females are often found in decaying wood.

Nesting

The Dusky cockroaches are known to nest in vegetation .female roaches carry the eggs for 24 hours after which they are deposited in leaf-litter.

Health Risks

Dusky cockroaches have not been reported to cause any health hazard to humans.

How cockroach pest control works

Inspection

A qualified Flick inspector will call at a time to suit you, to carry out a thorough inspection. Specialised training and experience in the field means that he knows just what to look for. He will be able to identify the cockroach species and the size of the infestation, their food and water sources and, most importantly, exactly where they are hiding and breeding. All these factors are taken into account when he determines what methods and checmicals will be used for control.

He will provide you with a comprehensive obligation free quotation for treatment.

This of course carries the Flick Warranty – if re-infestation occurs during the warranty period, additional treatment will be provided free of charge.

Treatment

The treatmenat will be carried out by an experienced registered Serviceman. He will selectively apply insecticides, and gel bats to the areas where the cockroaches live and breed.

If required the Serviceman can call on the speicialist assistance of the Bioligists and Entomologist of the Company’s Technical Service Department.

In every case the method used is tailored to the situation. The safety of humans an pets, and the non-contamination of food and other materials is paramount. The control method is always determined with these factors in mind.

Interesting cockroach facts

  • There are two basic reasons why a cockroach almost always dies on it’s back. Cockroaches have a slightly rounded and greasy back, and a flat body that helps them squeeze and hide in narrow cracks and crevices. Their long legs give them a high center of gravity, meaning they carry most of their weight around their backs. When a cockroach is dying of old age, its high center of gravity pulls its back toward the floor, and its rounded back and weakened muscles prevent it from righting itself, particularly on smooth surfaces. The insecticides we use to kill roaches can have the same effect. Most of these insecticides are neurotoxins – poisons that can trigger tremors and muscle spasms, eventually causing the cockroach to flip on its back. A healthy cockroach can easily right itself, but the tremors, lack of muscle coordination and, again, the rounded back and high center of gravity cause the intoxicated cockroach to get stuck that way.
  • The brains of cockroaches carry some serious antibiotics, strong enough to slaughter bacteria that have evolved resistance to the hospital antibiotics we humans use.
  • Cockroaches are so repulsed by humans that if they’re touched by a human, not only do they run away, but they wash themselves.
  • Edward Archbold, 32, of West Palm Beach, Florida, U.S., died after winning a cockroach-eating contest. The cause of death was determined to be accidental choking due to “arthropod body parts.”
  • La Cucaracha is about a cockroach that dies because it can’t smoke weed.
  • During the Carboniferous period (approximately 358.9 million years ago) cockroaches were the size of dinner plates.

4 Signs of a Cockroach infestation

SIGHTINGS– The most obvious sign that a problem might exist is sightings of a single or multiple cockroaches.

DROPPINGS – Depending on the type of cockroach infestation you may find Cockroach faeses that look like tiny specks of pepper to brown stains to coffee grounds to oval pellets.

ROACH EGG CASES (AKA OOTHECAE) – Most species of roaches ‟glue” the oothecae to sheltered places where humans and DIY pesticides have trouble reaching. Search for foothecae inside pantries, behind furniture, in between cracks in the wall, in books and in other tight, protected areas.

ODOUR – Cockroaches can produce a pungent, musty odour that gets worse the longer the infestation goes on.

The 3-step plan to avoiding cockroach infestations

Manage Access To Food & Water

Store food securely in airtight containers.

Clean up spills and debris

Clean up any spills or crumbs immediately after they occur.

Don't give them access

Fill up and seal any cracks in doors, window frames or walls.

COCKROACHES IN OUR BUG BLOG

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